Condition of the poorer classes in Ireland: first report: appendix A and supplement

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Appendix (A.) 
250 APPENDIX to FIRST REPORT from the COMMISSIONERS,/^ inquiring Impotent through Age. 
Munster, County Cork. 

Persons who attended the Examinatio7i. 
James Barry, parish priest—Rev. 
John Barry, catholic curate,—John Brooks, farmer Examinations taken by pavs j 1 i0 s. 
per annum rent.—Bartholomew 
Brown, labourer.—Bartholomew 
Donovaw f„, Thomas Martin, Esq. 

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1 1 i , 

UWUVAN>*ar-John Lalor, Esq, mer, Pays 3° ^ Per annum rent.—Mr. 
Alexander English, churchwarden last year,—James 

Levis, farmer, pays 331, per annum rent,—Cornelius Mahony, labourer—Patrick Mahony Parish Skull. 
farmer, pays 10 I. 
per annum rent.—James 
Maiiony, quarryman and labourer.—John 
Murphy' Bar. 
West Carbery, quarryman and labourer,—Richard Salter, farmer, pays 141, per annum rent William (West Division.) 
Shannon, farmer, pays 36/. 
per annum rent.—Mr. 
James Swanton, merchant—James Swanton-"""" esq.—Thomas 
Swanton, esq. 
Sweetman, esq., 
dispensary surgeon.—-Daniel 

quarryman and labourer.—John 
Sullivan, quarryman and labourer.—Rev. 
John Triphook protestant curate.—Timothy 
Tuomy, labourer. 
The following cases mentioned by the witnesses serve to illustrate the condition of the impotent through age. 
1st cX 2d. 
David Barry and his wife are old and not able to work; they have two daughters, one of whom is married, the other is sometimes at service; they have one son, a labouring man, with whom they live. 
The son has not regular employment. 
The married daughter lives with her husband, but can do nothing for them. 
They do not beg or receive any assistance from the neighbours. 
The son has near half an acre of ground. 
His potatoes were crossed this year (that is, he was prevented from digging them until he paid the rent). 
Andrew Cribly is an old deaf man, unable to work. 
His wife died of the cholera. 
He has one daughter married, and another at service. 
About two months ago he had a house, but he owed about 34 s. 
for rent, and his little furniture was seized for it. 
Murphy says, 

" I see him now in a poor man's house that lets him stop with him^; he gets a bit wherever he can. 
We do not know that the daughters give him any assistance; the mar¬ ried daughter's husband, may be, would not do it, and the other daughter may not have * enough for herself. 
The poor old man is in a very miserable way." 

4th & 5th. 
Mahony and his wife are old and unable to work; they are supported by their son. 
It is hard enough with him ; he holds five or six acres of coarse land, for which he pays 6 I. 
and has a wife and two children; but the old people do not beg. 

Widow Kingston's husband is dead about 14 years; she has two daughters and two sons; she has a bit of a cabin now from her sister, who is married to a farmer. 
One of her sons is married ; he could give no assistance ; he wants it himself. 
The other son is at service now and then. 
One of the daughters is gone to America, and was not heard of since she went. 
The other daughter is at service, but can do nothing for her; she is affected by some disease of the head. 
She used to go among the neighbours and get potatoes until a few days ago, when she got a fall getting over some ditch, which hurt her back and sprained her hand, so that she cannot use it. 
She is not able to go about now; the neighbours will send her something; " if they did not, she would die," Still she is in great distress; the neighbours cannot know exactly when she wants anything, and she is not able to go about and tell them. 
Widow Cunningham's husband is dead 20 years; she lives with her two sons, who are both at work ; she does not ask or get assistance. 
Widow Harrington's husband was a smith, and died two years ago of cholera; she has two daughters and" a son. 
The son supports her, and it sweats and pinches him to do it. 
When his father died he was a young and not a perfect hand at the business, but the cus¬ tomers stopped with him and encouraged him to keep up. 
She does not beg or get assistance from any one. 

9th, Widow Leary's husband is dead two years; she has two daughters and a son; the son is married, and is a cooper. 
She lives with the son; she does not beg or get assistance from the neighbours. 
Widow Condon's husband is dead 15 years; she has a daughter at service,and another married. 
She has a son married too ; but receives no assistance from any of them; they all find it as much as they can do to support themselves, She gets about 30s. 
a year from Mr. 
Barry for taking care of the chapel. 
She buys and sells fruit; she is obliged to pay 13 s. 
a year for her house (a miserable cabin); it must be paid to the day, or keepers would be put on it; there were keepers on it this year. 
She does not beg about; she gets assistance from the neighbours. 
11th, Widow Donovan's husband is dead 10 or 12 years; she has a son married, an^tw0 daughters married to labourers. 
The husband of one of them is in England since last May, trying to earn something; he did not send home a penny piece yet; she lives with that man s wife. 
The others give no assistance. 
She minds the child for the daughter. 
The daughter lives jobbing up and down wherever she can get anything to do, sparing from herself to give to the mother; many a long day she spent starving on half a dozen of potatoes. 
Ihey do not beg, and they are the worse off for it. 

12th & 13th. 
Kate Driscol and Mary Hoolaghan. 
Both their husbands are dead a. 
long time. 
Neither of them has any family. 
They live together in a little cabin that there is no room in for four sheep ; you would scarcely put a pig in it; they have to pay 4 s. 
rent toi 1 

" They live by going about among the neighbours and getting charity. 
They have a coup