42 Appendix No.
Abstract of the Queen's Order in Council of October 6, 1849.
Meals and bedÂ¬ time.
Fires and lights.
TENTH GENERAL REPORT OF THE COLONIAL
Abstract of the Queen's Order in Council of the 6th of October, 1840, for preserving Order and securing Cleanliness and Ventilation on board of " Passenger Ships " proceeding from the United Kingdom to any of Her Majesty's Possessions abroad.
Prepared by Her Majesty's Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners, in pursuance of the
41st section of the "Passengers Act, 1849."â€”12
& 13 Vic, cap.
Every passenger to rise at 7 a.m.,
unless otherwise permitted by the surgeon; or, if no surgeon, by the master.
Breakfast from 8 to 9 a.m.,
dinner at 1 p.m.,
supper at 6 p.m.
The passengers to be in their beds at 10 p.m.
Fires to be lighted by the passengers' cook at 7 a.m.,
and kept a-light by him till 7 p.m.
; then to be extinguished, unless otherwise directed by the master, or required for the use of the sick.
The master to determine the order in which the passengers shall be entitled to the use of the fires for cooking.
The cook to take care that this order is preserved.
Three safety-lamps to be lit at dusk; one to be kept burning all night in the main-hatchÂ¬ way, the two others may be extinguished at 10 p.m.
No naked light to be allowed at any time, or on any account.
The passengers, when dressed, to roll up their beds, to sweep tho decks (including the space under the bottom of the berths), and to throw the dirt overboard.
Breakfast not to commence till this is done.
The sweepers for the day to be taken in rotation from the males above 14, in the proÂ¬ portion of 5 for every 100 passengers.
Duties of the sweepers to be to clean the ladders, hospitals, and round-houses, to sweep the decks after every meal, and to dry-holystone and scrape them after breakfast.
But the occupant of each berth to see that his own berth is well brushed out; and single women are to keep their own compartment clean in ships where a separate compartment is allotted to them.
The beds to be well shaken and aired on deck, and the bottom-boards, if not fixtures, to be removed arid dry-scrubbed, and taken on deck at least twice a-week.
Two days in the week to be appointed by the master as washing days, but no clothes to be washed or dried between decks.
The coppers and cooking vessels to be cleaned every day.
The scuttles and stern-posts, if any, to be kept open (weather permitting) from 7 a.m.
to 10 p.m.,
and the hatches at all hours.
Hospitals to be established, with an area, in ships carrying 100 passengers, of not less than 48 superficial feet, with two or four bed-berths; and in ships carrying 200 passengers, of not less than 120 superficial feet, with six bed-berths.
On Sunday the passengers to be mustered at 10 a.m.,
when they will be expected to appear in clean and decent apparel.
The day to be observed as religiously as circumstances will admit.
No spirits or gunpowder to be taken on board by any passenger.
Any that may be discovered to be taken into the custody of the master till the expiration of the voyage.
No loose hay or straw to be allowed below.
No smoking to be allowed between decks.
All gambling, fighting, riotous or quarrelsome behaviour, swearing, and violent language, to be at once put a stop to.
Swords and other offensive weapons, as soon as the passengers embark, to be placed in the custody of the master.
No sailors to remain on the passenger-deck among the passengers, except on duty.
No passenger to go to the ship's cookhouse without special permission from the master, nor to remain in the forecastle among the sailors on any account.
Additional Regulations to be observed on board Emigrant Ships sailing under the superintendence
of the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners.
The emigrants are to be divided into messes.
Every mess is to have a head man, to be responsible for the order and regularity of it, and whose duty it will be to report to the surgeon any misconduct or neglect requiring corÂ¬ rection.
The surgeon-superintendent will appoint from amongst the emigrants a sufficient number of constables for the enforcement of the regulations, and of cleanliness and good order.
The constables will attend daily at the serving out of the provisions, to see that each mess receives its proper allowance, and that justice is done; and a scale of the victualling will be affixed in some conspicuous part of the ship, for the information of all concerned.
The surgeon-superintendent is to appoint one man, if he think proper, to be his assistant in the hospital, or generally in attendance on the sick.
One or more women, as may be necessary, will be taken in rotation to attend any sick in the female hospital.
If there be no religious instructor on board, or schoolmaster appointed by the CommisÂ¬ sioners, the surgeon-superintendent will select a person to act as teacher to the children.
One man may be taken, in rotation, if necessary, to act as the cook's assistant.