Civil War Diary of John F Frantz

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Document ID 0208001
Date 15-08-1862
Document Type Diaries and Journals
Archive Private Donor
Citation Civil War Diary of John F Frantz;Copyright Retained by Mrs Barbara Ward; CMSIED 0208001
[Page 1]

    John F Frantz
                    Enlisted in A Bucks Co Company
on the 15th day of Aug 1862 and was sworen [sworn?]
in to the U S Army on the 26th day of the same
month at Harrisburg Pa [Pennsylvania?]  I spent one
week in Camp Curtain at Harrisburg  We then got A
bord [aboard?]  of the Cars and were quickly convade
[conveyed?] to the Relay House Md [Maryland?] whare
[where?] we halted and went in Camp we then began
to Experience the hardshaips [hardships?] of Camp
life although we  bore it like brave boys from the
old key [Stone?] State of Pennsylvania [shot on?]
Paul Pursel was shot on the 28 of March 1863
Axidentily [accidentally?] in practis  [practice?]
by Henry Hilbert.

[Pages 2&3]

We left Camp Relay on the 20th of Aprile [April?],
And arrived at Dorcey s Switch on the same day, which
was a march of five miles.

                  On the 12th June 1863. we
were ordered to pack up and go to the Relay House to
be ready to start on the morning of the [13th?] at 5
O  clock but the order was countermanded on the
afternoon of the 12th and so we wered [were?] ordered
back to Dorsey s Switch on the 15th and to keep
ourselves in readyness [readiness?] To go at any
[moment?] that we might be called upon

                We left Dorcey s Switch June
the 15th and arrived at Maryland Hights [Heights?]
on the 10th after a hard march. the weather was hot.
We were ordered to evacuate the Hights [Heights?]
on the 30th of June; and so we took up the line of
march early in the morning and marched all day
through mud and rain and when night came we were not
a quarter of a mile from where we started.  We spent
part of the night in pulling down  Cannone [Cannon?]
from off the Hights [Heights?]

                On the eavening [evening?]
of the 1st of July we left the Hights [Heights?]
which we did very quietly and went to Sandy Hook
and were to embark on boat and covayed [conveyed?]
to Washington but as we were green horns

[Pages 4&5]

we were shamefully cheated out of our Boats by the
other troops, and we were obliged to walk about
ten miles, and then by the determination of our
Officers we were embarked on the Boats.  it took us
60 hours to go 60 miles the reason for that was the
rebs [rebels?] had disturbed some of the locks and
so we had to prepair [prepare?] them first it rained
Everyday that we ware [were?] on the boats which was
until  the fourth of July which day we arrived at
Georgetown and from thare [there?] we marched to
Tenleytown and then we put up our Shelter tents and
bunched in for the night which was the first nights
rest we had after We left the Heigths
[Heights?] when I got up in the morning which was
sunday I felt like another man  we ware [were?] all
day sunday engaged in dryine [drying?] our cloths
[clothes?]  it was A clear day and in the evening
the Chaplain preached us a very good surmon [sermon?]
in which he gave us some very good advises [advice?]
On monday morning the first thing I knew was to
pack up the rain was coming down in torents [torrents?]
we got started About, 6 Oclock and marched to
Washington through the mud and rain which was a
bout [about?] 8 miles from the town ware [where?]
we started from we got our dinner at Washington
which was very acceptable

[Pages 6&7]

We then got on board of the cars and went to the
Relay House and there we swiched [switched?] off
on the Harpers Ferry road and went to Fredrick
[Frederick?] City ware [where?] we Stacked our
arms and laid down for the night it was a raining
(sic) and in the morning I found myself in the
water and  perty  [pretty?] well wetted.

                                July the 7th we
tock [took?] up A march again the roads was [were?]
very bad which made it very hard marching we got
to A place a bout [about?] sun down by the name
of Middletown which was A march of [12?] miles on
the morning of the 8th we took up march again and
marched A bout [about?] 6 miles where we encamped
in A clover field [field?] and there farmed as a
reserve the boys were almost wore [worn?] out and
a great many showless [shoeless?]

                                July 9th we started
A gain [again?] and marched A bout [about?] 3 miles
and then holted [halted?] until sundown and then
we took up our line of march a gain [again?] and
marched on untill [until?] a bout [about?] 12
o clock when we was [were?] drawen [drawn?] up
in line and then ordered to lay down for the night.

                                July 10th before
the sun was up the cry was fall in but we did not
get started until [until?] noon the sun was
scorching hot we marched  about [9?] miles ware
[where?] we

[Pages 8&9]

Ware [Were?] holted [halted?] a gain [again?]we
stoped  [stopped?] untill [until?] sundown and then
the orders were to fall in A gain [again?] and
we marched untill [until?]  2 Oclock in the
morning whare [where?] we holted [halted?]
in A wheat feild [field?] I got a cuple [couple?]
of wheat sheaves and made A bead [bed?] and l
layed [laid?] down  and sleep [slept?] as good
as if I had haven layen [had lain?] in A feather
bed I was allmost [almost?] tird [tired?] out
our liveing [living?] was poor nothing but
hard tack and smoked flich [fish?] which was
so strong that it could almost walk its self
[itself?]  but for all that I had good health

            July 11th We ware [were?]
Arroused  [Aroused?] early in the morning
and a very plesant [pleasant?] morning It was,
 I felt as if I had bin [been?]Pounded, and a
bout [about?] half rested we [ware?] were
formed in Line a bout [about?] 10 Oclock and
marched a bout [about?]  8 miles until night
whare [where?] where we ware [were?] formed
as a reserve for the night

       July 12th

                     We ware [were?]
once more started right a cross  [across?]
the feilds [fields?] wheat as high as my head
we destroyed  a  great deal of wheat Oats and
corn as we marched through  it, could not be
helped we ware [were?] held as a reserve
we had some hard  marching tords [towards?]
evening a shower came up and it rained tremendious
[tremendously?] Which made it very hard

[Pages 10&11]

Marching the mud in the  fields it was at
plases [places?] very deep but thare [there?]
was no other way but to go through it we went
in Camp a bout [about?] Sundown and got a
little supper and then put up my sheltor
[shelter?] tent and lade [laid?] two rails
down to keep me from the damp ground

        July 13th
                  It was raining and
it was very slopy [sloppy?]  we were all
day in Camp and let Leee [Lee?] cross the

Potomac River

        July 14th
                        We ware [were?]
waked up early and were ordered to pack
we took up our line of march about Sun rise
[sunrise] and marched towards the Potomac
we went through the rebles [rebels?] Rifle
pits they ware [were?] very neumerous
[numerous?] but of poor construction they
ware [were?] a bout [about?] one mile from
the River when our cowardly Generals found
that the rebs [rebels?] were gone he ordered
us to go in Camp which we did after a hard
days march

        July 15th
                        We a gain [again?]
started early in the morning and marched
back over the same road we came untill
[until?] noon when we took off towards
Harpers Ferry the sun was very hot and
we ware [were?] marched beyond all extreems
[extremes?] a great many of the men gave
out and 12 droped [dropped?] dead

[Pages 12&13]

12 droped [dropped?] dead in the road (sic) and
a great many others ware [were?] so much
over come [overcome?] that they had to
stay behind.  I stoud [stood?] it very
good we halted a bout [about?] 2 o clock
and went into Camp

               July 16th
                  We ware [were?]
aroused earley [early?] in the morning
as earley [early?] as 4 o clock  I was
not more than half rested but up I had
to get and the sun was just comeing
[coming?] up and we had the promis
[promise?] of a nice cool day the men
marched off with good corage [courage?]
we marched about 12 miles which brought
us in sight of Maryland Heights we again
piched [pitched?] our Tents for the night
I felt very tired

      July 17th
                  We ware [were?]
in Camp until 4 o clock in the afternoon
when we started for the ferry we got thare
[there?] a bout [about?] 9 O clock when
our division comemensed [commenced?]
crossing over the Potomac on a Ponetone
[Pontoon?] Bridge the mud was ankle deep
and the night was dark which made it very
bad marching we marched up a long [along?]
Lowden [Louden?] Heights a bout [about?]
8 miles whare [where?] we went in Camp
in a Cover [clover?] field it was 2
O clock and I was very tird [tired?]
and mud up to my neas [knees?] and but
little to eat

[Pages 14&15]

      July 18th We ware [were?] a
roused [aroused?] earley [early?] in the
morning and got on our way a bout [about?]
5 Oclock we have not had any time to get
any breakfast but that was a small matter
for we had but little to get any thing
[anything?] of for our rations ware [were?]
almost played out we marched down Louden
Valley a bout [about?] 8 miles whare [where?]
we ware [were?] halted in a clover field
to get a little dinner we stayed thare
[there?] untill [until?] next morning.

        July 19th
                    We tock [took?] up our
line of march a gain [again?] a bout [about?]
4 O clock we marched a bout [about?] 6 miles
when we ware [were?] holted [halted?] in A
clover field whare [where?] we went in Camp
for the night it beaing [being?] sunday they
did not march us so far we had no preaching
the Chaplain had stade [staid?] at the Ferry
he not being very well

      July 20th
                    We ware [were?] a roused
[aroused?] earley [early?] in the morning
befor [before?] it was light and started
without breakfast the day was very hot and
we marched very hard we went a bout [about?]
16 miles to a village by the name of Uppers
Ville whare [where?] we went in Camp for
the night thare [there?] was some 4 or 5
that sun struck of which several dide [died?]

[Pages 16&17]

The marching was bad thare [there?] ware
[were?] a great many Swampy plases [places?]
in the road which made it very hard marching
we had to ford several cricks [creeks?] which
ware [were?]  knee deep

      July 21st
                  I got up in the morning
a bout [about?] 4 O clock I felt very much
rested and refreshed we had a inspection (sic)
in the forenoon we took up our line of march
a gain [again?] a bout [about?] 4 O clock and
marched a bout [about?] 6 miles whare [where?]
we went in Camp along side of a hill and near
the Alexandria and manases [Manasses?] Railroad whare
[where?] we stade [stayed?] for the night

      July 22nd
We a gain [again?] took up our line of march
early in the morning and marched 5 miles when
we stoped [stopped?] and got a little dinner
and then started off a gain [again?] and we
marched untill [until?] evening when we went
in Camp for the night near a vilage [village?]
by the name of paris

      July 23rd
We a gain [again?] started early in the
morning and moved on slowly

[Pages 18&19]

Untill [until?] [now?] when we heard that

the rebs [rebels?] Ware [were?] with in [within?]
[3?] miles of us We marched on a little way
when we could see the rebes [rebels?] and
our men Skermishing  [skirmishing?]  plainly but
the rebes [rebels?] ware [were?] falling back
it was keep [kept?] up until Sundown thare
[there?] was several wounded and some 8 or
10 killed of our men and a great many more
of the rebes [rebels?] it was quite [quiet?]
all night one of our Brigadier Generals was

      July 24th
                                    All was
Still quite [quiet?] we ware [were?] [laying?]
on  the top of  a heigh [high?] Hill but we
ware [were?] soon marched down in the vallie
[valley?] the rebes [rebels?] ware [were?]
not to be seen they had fell back dureing
[during?] the night we heard some fireing
[firing?] in the front of us but it was at
a distance and a bout [about?] noon we started
off a gain [again?] back the same way we
came a bout [about?] 15 miles whare [where?]
we encamped for the night.

      July 25th
                                    We started
A bout [about?] sun rise and marched all day in
the direction of Warrenton we marched about
12 miles.

[Pages 20&21]

      July 26th
                  We started early a
gain [again?] in the morning we pased [passed?]
through Warrenton and halted a bout [about?]
3 miles beyound [beyond?] Warrenton about
dinner time.

      July 27th
                  We still stayed in
Camp all day July 28th, 29th, 30th we still
lay encamped in the woods July 31th we moved
back in a field whare [where?] we got marching
orders we packed up and went about 1 mile
when the order was countermanded and then we
marched back and encamped for the night.

      Aug 1th
                  We was [were?] roused
up out of our slumbers about 3 O clock we got
a little breakfast we tock [took?] up our line
of march a bout [about?] sun rise and we
marched a bout [about?] 10 miles when we went
in Camp the sun was very hot all day

      Aug 2th
            We still lay in Camp all day
it was very warm

      Aug 3rd
                  We still lay in Camp
in the same place Aug 4th untill [until?] the
Eleventh thare [there?] was nothing of any
thing [anything?] importance

[Pages 22&23]

We sill [still?] stade [stayed?] encamped
in the same place and ware [were?] required
to drill every day  12th  We still lay in
Camp until the 15th on the evening of the
15th we ware [were?] ordered out to support
the Pickets along the River we laid on our
arms all night in the morning of the 16th we
ware [were?] ordered back to Camp but before
we got quite thare [there?] we ware [were?]
ordered back to the River to go in and ware
[were?] payed [paid?] on that day for two
month 17th, 18th, 19th

                  We still lade [laid?]
in Camp a long [along?] the river 18th nothing
of any importance transpires all is quite
[quiet?] 19th nothing transpires all quite
[quiet?] 20th all quiet without any move 21th

      August 21th
                  300 of the Regt
[Regiment?] was detailed for picket nothing
else of any importance transpired 22th untill
[until?] the 31th nothing transpired of any
note we lade [laid?] in Camp and done picket
duty about once a week and done some drilling

[Pages 24&25]

Both batallion & Company and we ware [were?]
not disturbed by any rebles [rebels?]  they
keep them selve [themselves?] at a distance

      Sept  1th
                  All was quite [quiet?]
untill [until?] the 7th our division was
reviewed by Major General Meade and staph
[staff?] the division made a splendid
appearence [appearance?]  there was about
12,000 troops presant [present?] the day was
very warm and dry and the dust was
becoming very deep

      Sept 8th
                  nothing going on more
than the regular dayly [daily?] duties 9th
all quiet The weather still keeps dry and
warm with Cool nights Tuesday Sept 10th, 11,
12, 13, 14 all was quitet [quiet?] and we
still lade [laid?] in Camp at the same place

      Sept 15th we got orders to pack a
bout [about ?] 4  O clock in the afternoon
we marched untill [until?] midnight when we
holted [halted?] and lade [laid?] down for
the night the distance we had went was a bout
[about?] 5 miles

Wensday [Wednesday?] 16 th We where [were?]
aroused at 4 O clock and tock [took?] up our
line of march a bout [about?] 8 clock we
went but a short distance when we came to
the rappihannock [Rappahannock?] which we had to ford the
water was nee [knee?] deep two miles more
brought us to the [Hazle] river which we
also had to ford

[Pages 26&27]

that is some what a larger river than the
rappahannock the ford was rappid [rapid?]
and deep [dureing?] during the day we marched
a bout [about?] 15 miles we holted [halted?]
a gain [again?] for the night after a very
hard march almost tird [tired?] out it seamed
[seemed?] like old times

            Thursday 17th  we a gain [again?]
tuck [took?] up our line of march we marched
a bout [about?] 2 miles When we came to the
Alexandria and [Culpiper?] turnpike whare
[where?] we passed all a line of battle and
put up for the night

Friday 18th all was quiet and we still lay
in Camp 19th all still quiet and nothing
transpird [transpired?] of any importance
untill [until?] the 20th of Sept 21th we
were payed [paid?] off at 12 Oclock at night
and nothing else transpired

      Sept 22th all quiet 23th thare
[there?] was 5 days rations delt [dealt?]
out to us and that was a good sign of a long
march we packed it up in our knapsaks [knapsacks?]

      Sept 24th all quiet nothing transpird
[transpired?]  25th all quiet  26th Sunday 27th
nothing transpird [transpired?] all quiet the Chaplain
being ill we had no preaching Monday the 28th
all quiet, in the afternoon we ware [were?]
inspected by our Brigadier General Keifer  29th
30th all is quiet

[Pages 28&29]

      Oct 1th 1863
All quiet nothing transpird [transpired?] Oct, 2,
3, 4, 5, 6 th all quiet nothing transpiers
[transpires?] more than the regular dayley
[daily?] duty Company drill & battalion drill
the weather and the nights began to get cool 7,
8th all quiet

      Oct 9th our Brigade and the 1 Brigade
was revewed [reviewed?] by Gen  [General?] Carr
and in the evening there was 5 days rations
ishued [issued?] to us

      Oct 10th  we ware [were?] ordert
[ordered?] to pack up and were formed in line
of battle  a short distance from whare [where?]
we ware [were?] encamped whare [where?] we was
all night the night was very cold

      Oct 11th we took  up our lines of march
a bout [about?] 8 O clock and marched in the same
direction that we came  our Knapsacks ware [were?]
very heavy and a bout [about?] sundown we crossed
the [Hazle?] river thare [there?] was pontoons
layde [laid?] a cross [across?] we marched a bout
[about?] 2 miles father [farther?] which brought
us to the [Rappahannock?] which we had to ford
which was not at all plesant [pleasant?] the
evening being very cold we halted  a short
distance from the river ware [where?] we lade
[laid?] down for the night

      Oct 12th when we got up we found ourselves
white with  frost we got a little breakfast
and started

[Pages 30&31]

A gain and went about a miles [mile?] ware [where?]
we halted in a woods and put up our tents just
as we got fixed an order came that we must report
at Head quarters we struck tents and started off
we marched to were [where?] the [ambulance?]
train was in park and guarded it that night

      Oct 13th
                  We tuck [took?] up march
a gain along with the Ambulancetrain [ambulance
train?] as an escort which was not so plesant
[pleasant?] for the horses ware [were?] put on
a dead run and after we had to go we went a bout
[about?] 30 miles to a place by the name of
green wich [Greenwich?] we got thare [there?]
a bout [about?]  midnight after a march beyound
[beyond?] discribeing [describing?] my pants
were mud up to my nees [knees?]  and in that
condishion [condition?] I got a bout [about?]
hour sleep (sic)

      Oct 14
                  We started of [off?]
early in the morning and it went off as the
day befor [before?] in a full [sun?] and that
way it went all day the Rebles [Rebels?] keep
close to on our heals [heels?] and considerable
feighting [fighting?] was going on all day
betwene [between?] our rear and the rebs
[rebels?] we halted in the after noon
[afternoon?] about  3 Oclock  near
[Centerville?] whare [where?] we stayed for
 the night

      Oct 15
                        We again tuck [took?]
up march and went on steady all day in the
direction of [Fairfax?] Station we went about
5 miles the rebs [rebels?]  keep close on
our heals [heels?] and heavy

[Pages 32&33]

[Cananadeing?] was going on all day we halted
in the afternoon a short distance from Tree
[Top?] Station whare [where?] we stade [stayed?]
for the night and tuck [took?] a good nights rest

      Oct 16th
                  We lade [laid?] in
a woods near ware [where?] the train was in
park all day it rained all day which was not
so pleasant

      Oct 17th
                  All quiet nothing
transpireing [transpiring?] 18th 19th all
quiet we ware [were?] orderd [ordered?] to
pack early in the morning we tuck [took?] up
march and moveded [moved?] towards Manases [Manasses?]
Junction which we pased [passed?] through,
it was nothing but a mass of runes [ruins?]
but Strongly Fortified the road was open to
Washington we went but a Short distance beyound
[beyond?] whare [where?] we went in Camp for
the night We still guard the Ambulance train

      Oct 20th
                  We tuck [took?] up
march Early in the morning and marched over
the battle Feild [field?] thare [there?] was
plenty of rebles [rebels?]  graves to be seen
and dead horses the rebs [rebels?] tore up
all the the [sic] railrode [railroad?] along
that way and bent the Rales [rails?] we marched
on untill [until?] 2 O clock when we holted
[halted?] to get a little dinner we a gain
[again?] tuck [took?] up march in the same
direction we had fell back we past [passed?]
through [grean?] which [Greenwich?] we marched
a bout [about?] 15 miles we a gain [again?]
holted [halted?] for the night after a hards
days (sic) march

[Pages 34&35]

      Oct 21st
                  We a gain [again] tuck
[took?] up march early in the morning and
marched a bout [about] 7 miles which brought
us to [Chatlet]? Station whare [where?] we
went in Camp   Oct 22 We lade [laid?] in Camp
all day nothing transpires of any account.

      Oct 23rd
                  We were aroused early
and tuck [took]? up march back to [Bristo?]
Station which was some 7 miles we piched
[pitched?] our tents and made our selves
[ourselves?] at home Oct 24  It rained all
day and was very cool  there was no move that
day  Oct 25 We ware [were?] up by four O clock
and struck [tents?] and got some breakfast
and started back to Catlet [Chatlet?] station
we got thare [there?] at noon the road ware
[was?] very mudy [muddy]? and slipy [slippy?]
which made it very hard marching we got our
tents all nisley [nicely?] piched [pitched?]
and about that time we got orders to pack and
we we (sic) ware [were?] soon on the move a
gain [again?] we went about one mile whare
[where?] we halted and layed [laid?] down for
the night the most of the Regiment was detailed
for pickets the night was very cold

      Oct 26
                  We was aroused Early
in the morning with my teath [teeth?] a [lathing?]
and my body well chilled it was the coldest
night we had this fall we ware [were?] all day
in Camp and in the evening we liked a good bed
and had lade [laid?]

[Pages 36&37]

Down to take a good nights rest  but just about
the time we got warm we ware [were?] routed out
to pack up which was don [done?] in a short time
we Tuck [took?] up march and marched a bout
[about?] one mile whare [where?] we lade [laid?]
down for the night

      Oct 27
                  We ware [were?] all day
in Camp which was the first days rest we had for
some time  Oct 28th
                        We had a good nights rest
which we had not had for several nights the
ground was frozen hard and the ground was white
with frost in the Evening we got orders to pack
up which was done in a short time we Tuck [took?]
up march and marched a bout [about?] 10 miles
which brought us near [Bralton?] whare [where?]
we halted for the night it was [12?] O clock at
night Oct 29
                  It was a day of rest which
was very aceptable [acceptable?] to us nothing
transpired Oct 30 All quiet nothing transpires
with the exception of the mustering for pay

      November 1
                  Sunday all quiet the
Chaplain had divine servis [service?] in the
Evening with a good attendens [attendance?]
Nov 2th All quiet drilling every day batlion
[battalion?] in the forenoon and Brigade drill
in the afternoon all is untill [until?] the

[Pages 38&39]

      Nov 7th
                  We ware [were?] routed
out Early in the morning and orderd [ordered?]
to pack which we done and ware [were?] on the
move all day light [daylight?] our Company was
deployed  as a Scrimish [skirmish?] line which
was not so plesant [pleasant?] we moved on
untill [until?] a bout [about?] 2 Oclock when
our force ware [were?] attacked in the front
we moved on untill [until?] we got within sight
of the Enemy inhace [in haste?] we ware [were?]
formed in line of battle in a reserve the contest
was hot for some time untill [until?] our forces
drove the rebs [rebels?] at the point of the
bayonet a cross [across?] the Raphannock
[Rappahannock?] and the pontoons ware [were?]
lade [laid?] near [Celeys?] ford whare [where?]
we crossed on and went A short distance on the
other side and thare [there?] went in Camp for
the night close to a vilage [village?] by the
name of [Collageville?]

      Nov 8th
                   We a gain [again?] tuck
[took?] up march on the advance we went some 6
miles when the rebs [rebles?] became in sight
of us a gain [again?] we lade [laid?] some time
in the woods while our batterys [batteries?]
opened on them but got no reply our Regt.
[Regiment?] was orderd [ordered?] to advance
which we did but we had went a short distance
befor [before?] the rebs [rebels?] opened two
guns on us the second shot tuck [took?] our
Captain and ordly [orderly?] Sargent [sergeant?]
Co [company?] A was throwen [thrown?] out as
scrimishers [skirmishers?] which line we had
to puport [purport?] we advanced to

[Pages 40&41]

Brandy station whare [where?] we ware [were?]
drawn up in [an?] woods and the rebs [rebels?]
Shelled us the hotest [hottest?] kind but all
went over us with a disagreeable sound we stade
[staid?] there untill [until?] sundown when we
ware [were?] ordered back to go in Camp for the
night which we done we encamped in a woods a
short distance from the Station

      Nov 9th
                  All quiet nothing transpires
of note      Nov 10th
                  We pack up early in the
morning and and moved our Camp a short distance 11,
12 All quiet the Captain died in the evening
from the affect [effect?] of wounds nothing

      Nov 13th
                  We ware [were?] payed
[paid?] for two month nothing else transpires
of note all quiet to the 15th when the [ball?]
was opened early in the morning in a distance
a strong force of rebles [rebel] Cavarly
[cavalry?] came a cross [across?] the Rapadan
But ware [were?] soon drove back with a
considerable loss we got orders to pack up
and be ready at a moments warning to march

      Nov 16th
                  Our division was reviewed
by Major Gen [General?] French  Acompanied
[accompanied?]  by several British officers
and his staff the division made a splenlid
apearence [appearance?] all quiet up to the 19

[Pages 42&43]

Nov 19th
                  We ware [were?] inspected
in the afternoon we had fresh bread ishewed
[issued?] to us which was a rarity Nov 20th All
quiet nothing transpires and all was quiet untill
[until?] the 23 when we were inspected in the
afternoon by our Colonel

      Nov 24th
                  We ware [were?] orderd
[ordered?]  to get up at three O clock and pack
up and be ready to march at 1 O clock the Weather
was very unplesant [unpleasant?] drisling
[drizzling?] of rain and very slapy [sloppy?]
but that made no diferance [difference?] to
Soldiers when the time to go the order was
countermanded we again piched [pitched?] our
tents and fixed To be Comfortable a nother
[another?] night

      Nov 26th
                  We tuck [took?] up march
towards to Rapadan (sic) which we crossed at
[Nemaia?] ford on the pontoons we went but a
short distance the other side whare [where?]
we went in Camp for the night.

      Nov 27th
                  We tuck [took?] up
march early in the morning but went a short
distance befor it began to crack in [front?]
we marched an [on?] sloly [slowly] untill
[until?] noon in a dense woods (sic) when
the fireing [firing?] got hoter [hotter?]
The Rebles [Rebels?] still faling [falling?]
back  a bout [about?] 3 O clock we ware
[were?] orderd [ordered?] to advance out
in a feild [field?] which we did

[Pages 44&45]

Under a heavy fire we got behind a nale
[rail?] the bulets [bullets?] flying over
our heads from two directions we lade [laid?]
there until [until?] dark we keep up a
continuel [continual?] fire when at dark
the shells and grape and Canister in behind
us which scattered [scattered?] us all
through the woods

      Nov 28th
                  We got up early in the
morning and started back in a nother [another?]
direction we marched untill [until?] a bout
[about?] 10 O clock when we put up for the night
in a feild [field?] whare [where?] the mud
was almost ankle deep

      Nov 29th
                  We found ourselves
right in front of Jones wood in the rear
of our batterys [batteries?] where we
stade [staid?] all day

      Nov 30th
                  We Ware [were?] aroused
at one O clock and moved of [off?] to support
the left wing we went about 5 miles when
we got on the when (sic) we had bin [been?]
there but a short time when the ball opened
we soon got orders to go back to our old post
which we did and stade [stayed?] thare
[there?] all night

      Dec 1st
                  We lade [laid?] in Camp
untill [until?] night when the order came
to fall back

[Pages 46&47]

                  We got on the way a bout
[about?] 9 O clock in the evening and marched
all night at times on double quick we got on
banks of the Rapadan some time befor [before?]
day light we crossed and went in Camp on this
side in the pines whare [where?] we stade
[stayed?] untill [until?] morning

      Dec 2nd
                  We tuck [took?] up march
in direction of our old camp untill [until?]
Evening when we put up in a woods for the
night - the roads ware [were?] very  bad
allmost [almost?] impasable [impassable?]
for our wagons

      Dec 3rd
                  We tuck [took?] up march
at 1 Oclock in the morning and reached our old
Camp at 8 Oclock whare [where?] we stade
[stayed?] all day the men ware [were?] all
most [almost?] wore out from the much loss
of sleep and hard marching which we had to
endure while on the [grand?] move

      Dec 4th
                  We moved our Camp to
the quarters which the Rebles [rebels?] had
built - for thare [their?] winter quarters
the Weather was plesant [pleasant?]

      Dec 5th
                  The boys ware [were?]
all very buisy [busy?] engaged fixing thare
[their?] houses  for to keep them Comfortable
for the Winter In the Evening we got orders
to pack up and be ready

[Pages 48&49]

To march at a moments warning which was a
great dispointment [disappointment?]

                  The order was
Countermanded the morning was very cold
Nov 7th..8th..9th 10th.. 11th..12th..13th..
14th..was all taken up thare [there?] with

fixing Winter quarters

[Pages 50&51]

John F Frantz

Clothing account for the second year


Sept       12       1 Shirt                              1 46
Sept       21      1 Pare [Pair?] of shoes [unused?]     2 05
"            1 Pare [Pair?] of stockings              32
"      "      1 Blanket                        3 66
"       22      1 Cap                                56
Oct      10      1 Shirt                              1 30
"      "      1 Pair Pants                        3 55
"       "      1    "      Stockings                    32
Nov      21      1 pair of shoes                        2 15
Dec      17      2 pairs of Stockens [Stockings?]        64
"      [28?]      1 Haversack
Jan       7 .164
    [1864?]     1 Pair of pants                       2 50
March      8      2 Pair of Stockings                      64
April      7      1 "      "      "                      32
May 26      1 Blouse                                3 10
            1 Pair of Pants                        3 10
            1 blouse                                 3 10

                        [1861?]                $27 29

[Pages 52&53]

<            Boards                                 50
            Knife                                1 25
            Srib [Crib?]                         1 25
            File                                   40
            Lodgeing [Lodging?]                  3.40

[Pages 54&55]

Corp J F Frantz Jan 21  3 [1863?]  12th [18/ Second Releif [Relief?] Jan 69?]

1   Mulligan                       Cork [Pessity?]
2   Gordon $ 13 [G?] Pa            1 Cobley
3   Hudson                         2  Kable G 75 NY
4   Young  G  148 Pa               3 Smoke
5   [Dunahower?] 8 42 Pa           4 Casman  P 36 [Tacs?]
6   Cuminger 5  8 NY               5 [Gistnelauer ?] C 98 Pa
7   Williams c 58 Pa               6 Crull H 148 NY
8   [Smoake?]                      7 Jose Miller H 4 NH
9   [Grauberger?]  c 122 OH        8 Meilland
10. Brennan 6 48 Pa                9 [Hallck?] H 148 NY
Sup Barger F 49 Pa                 Sup Wood H 91 [NY?]

[Pages 56&57]

Jan 15  165 [1865?]

First Relief Corp [Corporal?] Frantz  Corp Frantz Jan 18/65
1 [banderhey?]   46 Com               1    Woodring  46 Comp
2 Cumines         E 8 N 34            2    Spieer [Spier?] I 8 Pa
3 Fox               46 Com            3    Richardson    46
4 [Lacahour?] [Sid?] 41 [Pd?]         4    Kesler  H E Pa [cand?]
5 Danshoer G 155 NY                   5    Ellard G 116 NY
6  A Smith G 116 NY                   6    Miller H  4 N H
7  Giltinan A 116 Pa                  7    Kreiser A 93 Pa
8  Wodring   46 Com                   8    Laco          [96?]
[Sergt?] Tillar E 1 N B               9    Speedy K 10 N H
Corp Franty Jan 18/65                 10   Geistanbeuer C 98 Pa
1 Woodring  46 Com                    sgn  [sergeant?] Wood H  91 Pa
2 Spicer I      8 Pa                       [Gesteabinare?]
3 Richardson      48 Com
4 [Kesler?]  H [2?] Pa Com
5 Ellerd       G 116 NY
6 Miller       A    4 N A
7 [Kriser?] A g3 Pa
8 Ired          46 Comp
9 Shadey K 10 N H
10 [GistenCiver?] C 98 Pa
[Sergt?] Wood [H?] 91 Pa

[Pages 58&59]

Third Relief
1      Dempsey                       1.  Fox
2      Thompson Ia Pa                2.  Cuminges  2  5 NY
3      Muligan                       3.  Beck
4      States A 59 Pa                4.  Smith A 34 NY
5      Melvin D5 N G                 5.  Stewerd [90?] 165 Pa
6      Hudson Short                  6.  Flynn
7      yonug [Young?] G 148 Pa       7   Ross E 95 NY
8      Sup Blaire C 124 Pa               Sup Angle A 141 Pa
9      5J  Smith A 34 NY
                                    Corp Frantz

                                    1.  Smook  [72?]
                                    2.  Gordan H [139] Pa
                                    3.  Law   46  [C----?]
                                    4.  Giltinine  A 116 Pa
                                    5.  Lambard I 50 Pa
                                    6.  Strich 46 [----?]
                                    7.  States A 54 Pa
                                    Sup A Smith G 116 NY