Condition of the poorer classes in Ireland: first report: appendix A and supplement

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Appendix (A.) 
322 APPENDIX to FIRST REPORT from the COMMISSIONERS for inquirin(f Sick Poor. 
Being unable to do more in ordinary circumstances than provide a bare support si k often deprives a family of the commonest necessaries; in the words of a labourer, " aVQess fit of sickness takes the bed from under a man, and strips his family almost naked." 
^ The opinion is general, that some provision for the sick, in addition to the dispensary fi is requisite. 
Grattan, says, that proper food is much more wanting than merlin J Thomas Martin, Esq. 
many sick cases, and that illness is frequently prolonged by want of proper nourishment. 
John Lalor, Esq. 

Munster, County Cork. 
Examinations taken by 

Parish Liscarrol. 
Orrery and 


Persons who attended the Examination. 
John Connor, weaver • Daly, esq.—Mr. 
Charles Flinn, publican.—Philip 
Flim-labourer William Fox, carpenter.—Joseph 
Deane Freeman, esq., 
Jams' Harstonge, farmer.—Cornelius 
Leahy, labourer.—Timothy 
Leary, labourer Maurice Leeny, blacksmith Timothy Noonan, labourer.—Rev. 
Daniel O'Brien, roman-catholic rector.—Mr. 
William Sharp, clerk of the petty sessions.—Mr. 
Daniel Sullivan, farmer— And several others. 
Collections are sometimes made for cases of sickness, or for funeral expenses, but the sums collected rarely exceed 10 s. 
or 125., 
and distress is so universal that it would be endless to form collections for each particular case._ 
There may be about a dozen funeral collections in the year, and it is stated that " 

even the poorest man is always found ready to give his halfpenny." 
Private charity is the only source to which the poor can look for assistance, when afflicted with sickness; and the inhabitants of the town are much better off than those of the country, both because their distress becomes more generally known, and because it is easier to send relief to them. 
The dread of contagion operates sometimes so strongly as to overpower the natural kind¬ ness of the peasantry towards those who labour under disease, and the latter, particularly if they happen to be strangers, often suffer much for want of attendance; a case was men¬ tioned of two poor women, who came to Liscarrol with children; one was sick of a fever, and after much difficulty it was permitted that she should be laid down in an out-house, on condition that her companion should take her away the next morning. 
No one could be induced to go near the poor woman, and a drink was put in to her on a pan tied to the end of a long stick. 
There is no dispensary here, and the inhabitants arc obliged to go for advice and medicine to Buttervant, which is five miles distant. 
John M'Fadzen, physician to the Buttervant dispensary, states, that the provision for the relief of sickness amongst the poor is utterly inadequate. 
Medicine and advice can be procured at the dispensary, but there are no means of giving that nourishment, which is often of far greater importance. 
The resources of those private individuals, who are ready to give charity arc quite insufficient to meet the numerous demands upon them. 
" Many cures," adds Dr. 
M'Fadzcn, " 

are delayed, and some altogether prevented, by a want of proper food ; I visited a labourer this day, who has one of his lower extremities diseased; he has gradually sold or pawned every thing he possessed, and he is now entirely thrown on the charity of his neighbours. 
If he were in a hospital, or had the necessary nourishment at home, he would readily recover; as it is, he is in a most miserable condition, and the result is very doubtful." 
If sickness continue for any considerable time, it must unfailingly reduce almost any family of the labouring classes to the lowest pitch of wretchedness. 
If ils members have been industrious, and have saved any thing, the economy will only postpone, for a short time, the day when they must eventually appeal to tho benevolence of those about them. 
M'Fadzen says, " I know one young* man, an honest and well conducted labourer^by whose honesty and sobriety his family were the most comfortable that I am acquainted with, until he was laid up with a hurt in his leg. 
He continued ill for a long time, all his little-savings disappeared; his clothes and furniture were, one after the" other, sent to the pawn office. 
His friends gave him some assistance, but at length he became plunged in the most hopeless poverty. 
This is not a singular case, but an instance of what is daily recurrino-." 

Parish Macroom. 

Persons who attended the Examination. 
Richard Ashe, esq., 
Collins, smith.—Patrick 
Connell, labourer. 
— Chasms Daly, labourer.—R. 
Hedges Eyre, Esq., 
Macroom Castle.—Mr. 
Field, apothecary^ William Furlong, esq., 
dispensary physician.—Mr. 
William Good, farmer.—Rev. 
Wil¬ liam Hallaran, rector.—Mr. 
William Hawaiian, shopkeeper, vintner.—Mr. 
James Keile-iier, farmer.—Rev. 
Robert Kirkiiopper, rector of Clondrohid parish.—Mr. 
Denis Lenihan, farmer.—John 
M'Cartiiy, esq., 
Murray, roman catholic curate.—Mr. 
Timo¬ thy Reardon, shopkeeper.—Thomas 
Shinkwin, labourer.-Daniel 
Sweeney, labourer.-
Thomas Taylor, labourer—Rev. 
James Walsh, parish priest.—Mr. 
James Welply, shop¬ keeper.—Mr. 
Peter Williams, postmaster.—And 
several others of all classes. 
There is no institution or fund for giving relief (except medical) to poor people suffering under sickness; occasional collections are made for cases of particular distress; and som -times, at least once a fortnight, assistance is given by the catholic clergymen, out of the chap-funds; but these sources are much too limited to give effectual relief. 
M'Oarthy ®y^