Condition of the poorer classes in Ireland: first report: appendix A and supplement

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Appendix (A.) 
442 APPENDIX to FIRST REPORT from the COMMISSIONERS for inquirk Able-bodied in his cabin, and he had not Ad. 
worth of anything like furniture in it." 
James H 1 > out or Work. 
about 17, married a girl about 17 ; they_ were servants in the same house; you may al take the description of Daly's case for his, he was hardly able to cover himself, Fitzo-^i? 
about 17, married a girl about 17 ; he was a poor servant-boy ; she was very poor too • the County Cork. 

us ]>a(jiy 0ff\ t}iey carmot be worse. 
Sullivan says, " When Fitzgerald came to be mar^ ExaminaU^Ttakenby last Shrovetide, Mr. 
Barry wanted to persuade him against it, but he would not listen"? 
Thomas Martin,Esq. 
anything; he said he could not be worse than he was. 
Murphy says, " It is the man John Lalor, Esq. 
that is worst off that marries soonest here; the man that has something is not m su h r~~T a hurry."' 
Barry says, " I have frequently entreated young persons who came to m Parish Skull. 

to j^ marrief^ to desist, and not to bring upon themselves the weight of a family with s6 Bar. 
West Carbery, little preparation; but J have scarcely ever been able to prevail." 
° (West Division,) jtyjr-gWanton mentions a case which occurred about five or six years ago in the west and — «-—-««-»—«. 
which shows the distress which is sometimes produced by want of fuel: two families'who lived near each other, were obliged to burn their chairs and bedsteads to boil their potatoes When everything consumable was gone, they were obliged to live together in one house iii order to burn the thatch and rafters of (he other. 

In many cabins the water soaks in through the walls and through the thatch, whenever it rains. 
Swanton says, " About a twelvemonth ago I found a labourer's family in a most distressing condition; it consisted of a man, his wife and child, his wife's father and two young lads, in all six persons; the rain was pouring in through the roof, and I saw them all gathered close together in a corner, where the thatch was more sound; they had what clothes they had over them; during the whole night, they could not lie down." 
John Barry says, " T had to attend the widow Mahony about four months a°-o* she was ill. 
I observed some of the children literally naked, and some of them little better." 

Persons who attended the Examination. 
\_ . 

————— Rev John Egan, curate.—Mr. 
Edward Malony, member of the Josephian Society VeryRer. 

TnE0BALD Matthew, provincial of the Capuchin Franciscan Order.—Rev. 
O'Coraoa, 1 y ° or * roman-catholic curate—Mr. 
Ricilaiid 0. 
Kelly, member of the Josephian Society.—Robert 
ii j»)niHmiiniMij|-F-n«irprm^rri">VH-i in, v « Ronaire Peaece, esq., 
editor ofthe Cork Mercantile Chronicle. 
u The greatest dependence of the poor is on each other, and those immediately above them. 
Poor people often give their meal and part of a single room. 
Many persons relieved by the society were found lying on bare floors, and in such places that it was impossible to see them without a candle. 
The wives and children of unemployed labourers are obliged to beg; the children are frequently initiated in thieving, and the inevitable result is to rear up a body of mendicants, distinct from the rest of the community. 
JYo instances occur of their committing trivial offences to be sent to gaol for subsistence, but they sometimes commit crimes to be transported. 
The labourer sometimes gets credit, but not to any great amount; the huckster will not let him run too much in his debt. 
Labourers brought up in a city in general marry early. 
The confined manner of living m cities ; the practice of many people, of different sexes, living and sleeping in the same room, are the causes of many early marriages. 
The habits are as follow: two or three families occupy one room; we have found four families in a room, in one corner a woman who had just been delivered, lying* on a little straw, no other straw in the place. 
The family of the tradesman is often more wretched than that of the labourer; trades¬ men drink so much. 
Inspecting the houses, we found the most squalid misery in the house of a tradesman earning 3 s. 
6 d. 
a day." 

Pe7-sons who attended the Examination. 
Colemam, superior of the convent of the Sisters of Charity.—Rev. 
Daly, senior catholic V-aiUhSt.Mati/'s 
Edward James Downey, clerk of the chapel for 23 years.—Mr. 
Howeli, Snavdon. 

Jonw Murphy, coffin-maker, president ofthe sick poor society.—Mr. 
Joh* City of Co/k. 
Nagle, son of a tradesman.-
James Nolan, foreman maltster—Dr. 
rector of W 

Sloane, minister ofthe presbyterian congregation. 

the In this parish there are seldom more than half the labourers employed; how theais family to live ? 
when a poor man has but two days' work in the week, what can ne. 
^ Looking at bare walls, and having nothing to eat, his wife or daughter goes out to get 

^ she can, often striving not to be known by the neighbours to do it; even instances been known of the daughters of decent fathers driven to street prostitution by poverty.^ 
No cases have come within the knowledge of witnesses, of persons committing ^js offences for the purpose of being sent to prison to obtain food and shelter, but soml 

^& committed offences to be transported, in order to go to their friends, not from e ^ destitution. 
Yet there are instances of stealing in order to get something for relie , ^^